Talking about chickenpox, maybe most people already know about chickenpox, but have you ever heard of monkeypox?
Now entering the middle of 2022, monkeypox is reported to have begun to spread in several countries that are not endemic areas, so we need to be vigilant and know more about this monkeypox disease, starting from the symptoms, how this disease can be transmitted. transmitted to preventive measures.
So read on until the end of this article, said doctor Nomi Irene from aladokter.
monkeypox, is an infectious disease caused by the monkeypox virus from the orthopoxvirus group, this virus was first discovered in a group of monkeys kept for research in 1958, so the disease is called monkeypox. This virus is also found in other animals such as mice and squirrels.
In 1970 Monkeypox virus was known to be transmitted to humans in Africa Congo, so since then monkeypox has been reported to be an endemic disease in several African countries. But now cases of monkeypox have been reported to be found in several other countries that are not epidemic areas, such as Germany, Canada, America and Italy.
between 13-21 May 2022 at least 92 positive confirmed cases and 28 suspected monkeypox cases were reported to WHO from 12 non-endemic countries, then as of 23 May 2022 there were 5 more countries that reported the first positive case, now in such an area only one case has appeared . can actually be considered an epidemic or extraordinary event.
so you have to be careful, so this time we want to share about the symptoms of monkeypox, how it is transmitted, and how to prevent it.
There have been no reports of cases of monkeypox in other countries, but it is better if we recognize this condition early so we can know how to be aware of it and prevent its spread.
Well, basically the symptoms of monkeypox are somewhat similar to the symptoms of chickenpox, but the emergence of these symptoms is only seen after the virus has passed its incubation period, which is about 5-10 days after infection. Initial symptoms are :
- Fever, fatigue, weakness and chills
- Headaches, backaches, muscle aches and
- Swollen lymph nodes in the neck, armpit or groin
Then after 1-3 days of experiencing a fever, a rash will usually appear on the face which then spreads to other parts of the body, such as the hands or feet.
over time this space will turn into a nodule and then develop a fluid-filled nodule filled with pus, the nodules can break and then cause crusts and sores on the skin, these symptoms generally last 2-4 weeks before finally subside.
So if you experience these symptoms, don’t hesitate to immediately consult a doctor, the goal is that you can immediately get treatment and avoid possible complications due to monkeypox, such as the emergence of co-infections, lung infections to problems with vision and brain.
although so far the occurrence of monkey claw in 2022 is reported to be not severe and the possibility of complications is quite small, but in order not to get to that point now we will talk about prevention.
so although initially this virus was transmitted through animal bites such as monkeys, mice and squirrels, the monkeypox virus can also be transmitted from person to person, namely through splashes of saliva entering from the eyes, mouth, nose or wounds on the skin. Especially if you have close, long-term physical contact with someone infected with the monkeypox virus, for example through face-to-face meetings, skin-to-skin contact or mouth-to-skin contact with symptomatic people, to exposure to objects contaminated by the patient, such as bed linen, towels and clothes.
So to prevent monkeypox you need to break the chain of transmission, this is how :
- Avoid contact with people with smallpox monkeys or wild animals that can be carriers of the virus. For example, monkeys, squirrels and mice
- Maintain cleanliness regularly wash your hands with water and soap or hand sanitizer, especially if you want to eat or cook, before touching your nose or eyes and before cleaning wounds
- Do not share the use of the same cutlery with other people who
- Avoid contact with wild animals or eating their meat
- If you cook meat or other foodstuffs, make sure the quality is good and cooked until it is cooked properly
Well that’s information about monkeypox that you need to understand, hopefully we are all always healthy and protected from various viruses and bacteria that cause disease.
Until here, the explanation this time, if you have other health topics that you want to discuss, write them in the comments column. Thank you